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Miscellaneous Definitions


Annual report - A yearly record of a company's financial condition. It includes a description of the firm's operations, as well as balance sheet, income statement and cash flow statement information.

Dividend - A share of a company's profits distributed to its shareholders in proportion to the number of shares they hold. Unlike interest on debt, dividends must be voted on by the company's directors before each payment.

Interim statement - A financial statement that reflects only a limited period of a company's financial statement, not the entire fiscal year.

Market capitalization - The total dollar value of all outstanding shares. Computed as shares times current market price. Capitalization is a measure of corporate size.

Net change - The change in the price of a security from the closing price on one day to the closing price on the following trading day. In the case of a stock which is entitled to a dividend one day, but is traded ex-dividend the next, the dividend is not considered in computing the change. The same applies to stock splits. A stock selling for $100 the day before a two-for-one split and trading the next day at $50 would be considered unchanged.

Quarter - Twenty-five percent of a fiscal year.

Non-recurring charge - A one-time expense or credit shown in a company's financial statement.

Outstanding shares - Shares that are currently owned by investors.

 
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